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Year 12 Recap - Monetary Policy

Year 12 Recap - Monetary Policy

This Year 12 Recap video covers the basics around the main economic policy used by central banks - monetary policy.

For any economy, macroeconomic stability is vital to ensure that economic activity and confidence levels across the economy remain high. One aspect of macroeconomic stability is maintaining price stability. The central bank's sole responsibility is to ensure that prices grow at a steady and sustainable pace to protect people's real incomes and living standards. The conventional approach used by the central bank is the manipulation of interest rates to keep inflation in line with their CPI target. In most macroeconomics exam papers, a question regarding the central bank's role of controlling inflation via a monetary policy is used and therefore students need to be well-prepared with the basic knowledge requirements of this conventional policy area to use alongside a relevant AD/AS diagram.

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Year 12 Recap - Inflation

Year 12 Recap - Inflation

This Year 12 Recap video covers the basics around the topic of inflation.

Inflation is an important economic concept for students to be comfortable with as it has crucial spill-over effects on the long-term growth potential of an economy. Policymakers and central banks are keen to keep inflation low and stable to create stability in individual's purchasing power and ensure growth is not crowded out at the expense of escalating inflation. In many macro essay questions, inflation is a good topic to discuss at great length because it not only affects the strength of the domestic economy but also affects the long-term competitiveness of an economy with its main international trading partners.

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