In today's blog, we extend to diagrams used in probability, these include; Venn diagrams and Probability trees.With Venn diagrams, we organise data into Sets which are then contained within overlapping circles. Only elements of data that share two properties are situated in the overlap. If asked to fill in a Venn diagram, try and start with the overlaps where possible. It is important to understand the key terms surround Venn diagrams such as Union, Intersection and Complement.
With probability trees, you will be looking at two or more events happening. Remember that the probability of each event must add up to one. When the events are combined, we multiply along the branches (do not simplify at this point) to calculate the probability that these events will happen. When answering a question you may need to find the combinations that satisfy the question and then add those probabilities together. Be aware of repeated events where something is NOT replaced. This will mean that the denominator will be reduced in the second event.