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## Countdown to Exams - Day 22 - Quartiles and box plots

For day 22 we extend beyond plotting cumulative frequency graphs and look at Quartiles and box plots. Once the graph has been created, we tend to examine it in more detail by looking at the quartiles which are situated at 25%, 50% (the Median) and 75%. An important area we analyse is the Inter Quartile Range (IQR), this tells about the spread of data of the middle 50% of the data.

A box plot is extracted from a cumulative frequency diagram and is made up of five key elements; Highest and lowest value, Upper and lower quartile (75% and 25%) and the median. These become useful when we want to compare tow or more sets of data.

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## Countdown to Exams - Day 21 - Cumulative frequency tables and graphs

On day 21 we move on and have a look at Cumulative frequency tables and graphs. This is essentially a running total where we add up the frequencies as we go along. It is important to check to see if your final value of the cumulative frequency matches the total frequency (normally given in the question).

When constructing a cumulative frequency graph, it is important to plot each point at the end of each group and join the points up with a nice smooth curve ('s' shaped). The graph is used to estimate numbers above and below certain values.

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